July 2019, Vol. 246, No. 7

2019 P&GJ Metering & Measurement

Using Computational Fluid Dynamics When Equipment Fails

By Mark Laing, CFD Service Leader, TÜV SÜD National Engineering Laboratory The importance of accurate measurement cannot be under-estimated. In 2012, the oil price was above $100 per barrel, but only a year later, as oil prices began to decline, the average price of a barrel of crude oil was $91, dropping to $42 by 2015.  This reduction led the global oil and gas industry to reduce investment, with fewer new offshore rigs being constructed and the number of shared pipelines increased. In the United Kingdom, this change in operator activity was well summarized as in a Wood Group report that recommended operators “focus on maximizing economic recovery for the U.K., as well as pursuing thei

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